“For me, a better democracy is a democracy where women do not only have the right to vote and to elect but to be elected.”—Michelle Bachelet, head of UN Women, former president and defense minister of Chile, in The New York Times
Most people are astounded at the giant leap humanity has taken with regard to technology in the past 100 years. Equally astounding are the small steps we have taken on the status of women. Continue reading Editor’s Letter
By Kary Vannice
In 2018 there were more women in politics than ever before in recorded history. Women now hold 24% of all political offices globally. In 1998 that number was pushing 12%. So, women have come a long way, right? They doubled their representation on the political playing field in only 20 years. That should be cause for celebration. But what does it say about the world we live in that half of the population is female, but only a quarter of political leaders and policymakers are? Does it even matter? Are women in positions of power really making an impact and changing the way societies run? Continue reading The Changing Face of Politics
Scientist, activist, writer, politician: “We are not going to fail you!”
By Carole Reedy
It would be impossible to think of Claudia Sheinbaum without the image of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO), Mexico’s new president, at her side. Sheinbaum and AMLO have traveled hand-in-hand on the road to change the government in Mexico since 2014, when Sheinbaum joined AMLO’s newly formed party, the National Regeneration Movement, better known as MORENA. Continue reading Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo, New Mayor of Mexico City
By Marcia Chaiken and Jan Chaiken
Women who participated in the Mexican Revolution (about 1911 to 1920) have been memorialized in photos, paintings, films, plays, songs and pageants. Many of these media envision the women through a romantic lens. They are portrayed as attractive young patriots, dressed in scrupulously clean flouncy traditional dress, with hair in braids, and chests criss-crossed with bullet-holding bandoliers. Each holds a rifle upright ready to march to battle. The folksong, “La Adelita,” which was widely popular during the revolution and still is included in the national repertoire, is a corrido praising a brave beautiful woman who joined the army to be with her lover, a regimental sergeant. The song, like almost all these representations, was produced by men who by and large ignored the actual history of women caught up in the revolution. Continue reading Viva México! Women of the Mexican Revolution
By Brooke Gazer
Dr. Giovanne González was a physician who believed in doing charity work, both in his clinic and at various schools. When he announced his plan to run for Municipal President, often referred to as the “mayor” of Huatulco, eight years ago, his wife Reyna Olmeda was uncertain regarding her husband’s ambition. Up to that point he had no political experience, so it was understandable that she had some doubts. But he achieved his goal and took office in January of this year. At this juncture, Reyna’s life changed dramatically. Continue reading Meet the New President of DIF in Huatulco
By Julie Etra
When I first started looking into this 1950s beauty contest winner, model, and actress for this issue, I thought “Hmmm, not that interesting,” but The Eye publisher Jane Bauer explained that Christiane Martel, now 87, is a central cog in a wheel of Mexican culture and politics through her multiple family connections and friends. Continue reading Christiane Martel
By Kary Vannice
Every month Huaulco’s local Colectivo Tilcoatle sponsors a themed film series. This month (March 2019), the theme is “Springtime in Latin America.” Each Wednesday of the month, at 8:00 PM, one of the selected films is shown at the Colectivo’s center at 410 Chacah in La Crucecita. Continue reading Upcoming Films at Colectivo Tilcoatle
By Leigh Morrow
Meet Claudia Sheinbaum, Mexico City’s first elected female mayor and the new face of female politics in Mexico (a profile of Sheinbaum appears elsewhere in this issue).
“What happened in Mexico City is the result of a movement during the last 20 years, led by feminists and women in politics,” said Ximena Andion, executive director of the Simone de Beauvoir Leadership Institute in Mexico City. Women now make up half of Mexico’s congress, but before you applaud, this is 15 years after gender quotas were introduced in Mexico. Continue reading Partial Progress
By Alvin Starkman, M.A., J.D.
Most of the concerns expressed on social media platforms about safety and security when travelling in Mexico come from women. So, while this article does not specifically address this issue’s theme of women in politics, it is more than tangentially relevant. [Not being a Mexican citizen I am always reluctant to opine about anything having to do with politics and run afoul of the constitutional provision which prohibits foreigners from participating in the political process.]
Despite most published reports identifying women rather than men as the victims of crime (mainly at coastal resort areas), Oaxaca is a safe state for travellers; however, reasonable precautions should be taken. Mexican nationals are vigilant, and tourists should be as well. The former have been taught from a young age, while the latter need some instruction.
Kidnapping. The bad guys target the wealthy for ransom. While they may not be all that smart, they do know that kidnapping a tourist is no guarantee of a big payday. Thus they abduct those (mainly women and children) whose families they reasonably assume have significant financial resources. Some people flaunt their wealth by driving a Mercedes and wearing flashy gold jewellery. They and members of their families are the targets, not you. They live in large homes in wealthy parts of town. They own very successful retail and wholesale businesses. The proprietor of one well-known construction materials supply chain was kidnapped twice over the course of about 15 years. Presumably that target now has a 24/7 body guard.
My wife wanted to buy a Mini Cooper, the only small car she really liked. She wanted a red one. We live in a semi-rural suburb of Oaxaca. Most of our neighbors are of fairly modest means. Why draw attention to us? I suggested a grey Mini, and that the two stripes it comes with be removed by the dealership. While the Mini logo remains, the car otherwise does not draw attention. And while our house is large, it features traditional construction and exterior fencing concealed by tall bushy bougainvilleas. It looks modest compared to the modern towering white box style homes that have been built more recently by a few neighbors, the ones who park their black SUVs and fancy Audis in their three car garages.
Theft. The 80-year-old upper-class mother of a Canadian friend visited Oaxaca. I met with her to advise what to do where and when, and about safety. I suggested that she dress down. She responded that she always does when travelling, despite that at the time she was wearing designer clothes and gold earrings and necklace. Her male companion and I looked at each other in disbelief.
If a point-and-shoot camera will suffice, leave the one with the $3,000 lens at home. Alternatively, when walking through marketplaces, keep the camera in a non-descript polyurethane bag which you can purchase pretty well all over the state for 5 – 10 pesos. That’s what the locals use when out in the markets shopping. Sure, you’ll still look like a tourist, but will be less likely a target for thieves than the next sauntering visitor.
Listen to what the locals tell you. When in marketplaces be particularly careful in crowded areas or if groups of people, even women, appear to be too close to you. In a couple of weekly market towns near Oaxaca, swarmings by ladies have been noted. You’re brushed up against, and the next thing you know your wallet, purse or passport is missing.
Hold your camera and purse snugly in front of you and leave your passport in your hotel room (but keep photos of your tourist card and passport photo page with you). If you must use a backpack, carry it in front of you, snug against the chest. For a day excursion, only take as much cash as you could reasonably need, and one credit card. Surely you don’t need your Texas drivers’ license with you.
Assaults & Worse. Bad things happen to good people all over the world, all the time, in their home cities and towns. There are pockets of urban areas notorious for assaults and robberies all over the world, and here is no different. Typically, theft is the main motivation, so again, dress down and listen to what residents tell you. Ask about venturing out after dark, and if there are any particular areas you should avoid day or night. Women and youths seem to be the targets of robberies and thefts, likely because of a perceived lack of physical strength, and the former where sexual predators are lurking. For this, I suppose type of dress should be a consideration; the less someone considers you provocative, the less likely you will encounter problems. Call me out of touch or sexist if you like, but parts of the world are still largely misogynistic, so heeding a bit of advice may go a long way to avoiding trouble.
Epilogue. The state of Oaxaca is essentially safe and secure for both residents and visitors; men, women and children. If it wasn’t, I and many others who live here but were born and raised outside of Mexico, wouldn’t have elected to uproot and move. For most of us it wasn’t the climate or cost of living, but rather because of lifestyle, the multiplicity of rich cultural traditions, and safety. But we all exercise reasonable precautions, no more or no less than we did in the countries we came from.
For visitors, just remember that those who have cautioned that Mexico is unsafe, are probably people who have never visited the country and rely on sensationalistic media reports or paternalistic state department cautions in forming their opinions and providing fodder for their advice.
Canadian Alvin Starkman operates Mezcal Educational Excursions of Oaxaca (www.mezcaleducationaltours.com). He has been a resident of the state capital for 15 years, and frequent visitor for a dozen years prior.